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Intro to IMD 2019 | St. Helens
The concept of deprivation is a wide one, covering a broad range of issues. Deprivation refers to unmet needs caused by a lack of resources and opportunities of all kinds, not just financial. It can therefore be defined through issues such as poor housing, homelessness, low educational attainment, lack of employment and worklessness, poor health and high levels of mortality.
The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2019 is the official measure of relative deprivation for both Local Authority (LA) districts and neighbourhoods (lower super output area – LSOA) in England. The IMD ranks every LA district from 1 (most deprived area) to 317 (least deprived area).
It is important to acknowledge that the Index of Multiple Deprivation is a relative measure of deprivation. This means it can tell you if one area is more deprived than another, but not by how much.
The Index of Multiple Deprivation is a complex subject. A summary report outlining the position in St. Helens as a district and deprivation within its neighbourhoods is available (see documents and links below).
Overall St. Helens is ranked as the 26th most deprived local authority in England out of 317. Its relative position has deteriorated since the 2015 Index of Deprivation where St. Helens was ranked as the 36th most deprived area.Relative deprivation within the Borough continues to grow, with some areas getting more deprived relative to others.
The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) combines information from seven domains to produce the overall relative measure of deprivation. The domains are: Income; Employment; Education; Skills and Training; Health and Disability; Crime; Barriers to Housing Services; Living Environment. Each domain is given a weighting and is based on a basket of indicators.
Also, the IMD ranks every neighbourhood (lower super output area - LSOA) in England from 1 (most deprived area) to 32,844 (least deprived area) for each domain. For local authority areas we can look at the proportion of LSOAs within the area that lie within each decile nationally. Decile 1 represents the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England while decile 10 shows the least deprived 10% of LSOAs.The graphs below show the percentage of St. Helens’ neighbourhoods (LSOAs) for each domain within each decile nationally, with decile 1 representing the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England.