Deprivation

St_helens - Deprivation - UTLA

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St_helens - Deprivation - UTLA - St. Helens

St. Helens
Deprivation at a glance...
19%
Percentage of children
living in low income
families
(2016)
11%
Percentage of households
experiencing
fuel poverty
(2018)
2
Homeless and in
priority need
1,000 households
(2017-2018)

Intro to IMD 2019 | St. Helens

The concept of deprivation is a wide one, covering a broad range of issues. Deprivation refers to unmet needs caused by a lack of resources and opportunities of all kinds, not just financial. It can therefore be defined through issues such as poor housing, homelessness, low educational attainment, lack of employment and worklessness, poor health and high levels of mortality.

The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2019 is the official measure of relative deprivation for both Local Authority (LA) districts and neighbourhoods (lower super output area – LSOA) in England.  The IMD ranks every LA district from 1 (most deprived area) to 317 (least deprived area).

It is important to acknowledge that the Index of Multiple Deprivation is a relative measure of deprivation. This means it can tell you if one area is more deprived than another, but not by how much.

The Index of Multiple Deprivation is a complex subject. A summary report outlining the position in St. Helens as a district and deprivation within its neighbourhoods is available (see documents and links below).

22

Overall St. Helens ranks 22 out of  152 upper tier local authorities in England with rank 1 being the most deprived
 
Source: DCLG, 2019

Overall St. Helens is ranked as the 26th most deprived local authority in England out of 317. Its relative position has deteriorated since the 2015 Index of Deprivation where St. Helens was ranked as the 36th most deprived area.

Relative deprivation within the Borough continues to grow, with some areas getting more deprived relative to others.

The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) combines information from seven domains to produce the overall relative measure of deprivation. The domains are: Income; Employment; Education; Skills and Training; Health and Disability; Crime; Barriers to Housing Services; Living Environment. Each domain is given a weighting and is based on a basket of indicators.

Also, the IMD ranks every neighbourhood (lower super output area - LSOA) in England from 1 (most deprived area) to 32,844 (least deprived area) for each domain. For local authority areas we can look at the proportion of LSOAs within the area that lie within each decile nationally.  Decile 1 represents the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England while decile 10 shows the least deprived 10% of LSOAs.

The graphs below show the percentage of St. Helens’ neighbourhoods (LSOAs) for each domain within each decile nationally, with decile 1 representing the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England.
Income domain
4.20 % (areas: 5) 7.56 % (areas: 9) 8.40 % (areas: 10) 5.88 % (areas: 7) 5.04 % (areas: 6) 10.08 % (areas: 12) 9.24 % (areas: 11) 10.08 % (areas: 12) 16.81 % (areas: 20) 22.69 % (areas: 27) Proportion of LSOAs in  St. Helens by Income Decile
The Income Deprivation Domain measures the proportion of the population in an area experiencing deprivation relating to low income. The definition of low income used includes both those people that are out-of-work, and those that are in work but who have low earnings. Relative income deprivation is a significant issue with almost a quarter of St. Helens’ LSOAs in the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England.
Index of Multiple Deprivation
0.00 % (areas: 0) 8.40 % (areas: 10) 8.40 % (areas: 10) 6.72 % (areas: 8) 6.72 % (areas: 8) 6.72 % (areas: 8) 9.24 % (areas: 11) 11.76 % (areas: 14) 17.65 % (areas: 21) 24.37 % (areas: 29) Proportion of LSOAs in St. Helens by Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) Decile
Index of Multiple Deprivation – “On the overall Index of Multiple Deprivation nearly a quarter of St. Helens neighbourhoods (LSOAs) lie within the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England (Decile 1).
Employment domain
0.00 % (areas: 0) 0.84 % (areas: 1) 5.04 % (areas: 6) 6.72 % (areas: 8) 10.08 % (areas: 12) 5.88 % (areas: 7) 7.56 % (areas: 9) 14.29 % (areas: 17) 20.17 % (areas: 24) 29.41 % (areas: 35) Proportion of LSOAs in  St. Helens by Employment Decile
The Employment Deprivation measures the proportion of the working-age population in an area involuntarily excluded from the labour market. This includes people who would like to work but are unable to do so due to unemployment, sickness or disability, or caring responsibilities. Employment deprivation is the second most widespread aspect of relative deprivation; with nearly 30% of St. Helens’ LSOAs in the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England.
Education domain
7.56 % (areas: 9) 9.24 % (areas: 11) 7.56 % (areas: 9) 5.04 % (areas: 6) 9.24 % (areas: 11) 9.24 % (areas: 11) 7.56 % (areas: 9) 10.92 % (areas: 13) 17.65 % (areas: 21) 15.97 % (areas: 19) Proportion of LSOAs in  St. Helens by Education, Skills and Training Decile
The Education, Skills and Training Domain measures the lack of attainment and skills in the local population. The indicators fall into two sub-domains: one relating to children and young people and one relating to adult skills. Education and skills relative deprivation is an issue, with over 30% of St. Helens’ LSOAs in the most deprived 20% of LSOAs in England.
Health domain
0.00 % (areas: 0) 0.00 % (areas: 0) 0.00 % (areas: 0) 0.00 % (areas: 0) 1.68 % (areas: 2) 7.56 % (areas: 9) 9.24 % (areas: 11) 13.45 % (areas: 16) 26.05 % (areas: 31) 42.02 % (areas: 50) Proportion of LSOAs in St. Helens by Health Deprivation and Disability Decile
The Health Deprivation and Disability Domain measures the risk of premature death and the impairment of quality of life through poor physical and mental health. Relative health and disability deprivation is very pronounced; with over 40% of St. Helens’ LSOAs in the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England.
Crime domain
4.20 % (areas: 5) 9.24 % (areas: 11) 6.72 % (areas: 8) 5.88 % (areas: 7) 12.61 % (areas: 15) 13.45 % (areas: 16) 9.24 % (areas: 11) 11.76 % (areas: 14) 16.81 % (areas: 20) 10.08 % (areas: 12) Proportion of LSOAs in St. Helens by Crime Decile
Crime is an important feature of deprivation that has major effects on individuals and communities. The Crime Domain measures the risk of personal and material victimisation at local level. Relative crime deprivation in St. Helens is not overly pronounced, with 10% of St. Helens LSOAs in the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England.
Barriers to housing and services domain
28.57 % (areas: 34) 24.37 % (areas: 29) 13.45 % (areas: 16) 13.45 % (areas: 16) 10.08 % (areas: 12) 7.56 % (areas: 9) 1.68 % (areas: 2) 0.00 % (areas: 0) 0.84 % (areas: 1) 0.00 % (areas: 0) Proportion of LSOAs in St. Helens by Barriers to Housing and Services Decile
The Barriers to Housing and Services Domain measures the physical and financial accessibility of housing and local services. The indicators fall into two sub-domains: 'geographical barriers', which relate to the physical proximity of local services, and 'wider barriers' which includes issues relating to access to housing such as affordability. As an urban area, deprivation in St. Helens in relation to access to housing and services is a much lesser issue.
Living environment domain
0.84 % (areas: 1) 4.20 % (areas: 5) 21.85 % (areas: 26) 17.65 % (areas: 21) 14.29 % (areas: 17) 15.97 % (areas: 19) 10.92 % (areas: 13) 5.88 % (areas: 7) 5.04 % (areas: 6) 3.36 % (areas: 4) Proportion of LSOAs in St. Helens by Living Environment Decile
The Living Environment Deprivation Domain measures the quality of the local environment. The indicators fall into two sub-domains. The 'indoors' living environment measures the quality of housing; while the 'outdoors' living environment contains measures of air quality and road traffic accidents.

Child Poverty| St. Helens

Children in low income families
#color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in families with 4+ children: 3.6 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in families with 3 children: 4.1 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in families with 2 children: 5.5 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in single child families: 3.8 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in lone parent families: 11.1 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in two-parent families: 5.9 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  All children: 17 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in families with 4+ children: 4 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in families with 3 children: 4.4 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in families with 2 children: 5.7 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in single child families: 4 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in lone parent families: 11.7 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in two-parent families: 6.4 #color:0x827676 North West  All children: 18.1 #color:0x0167BB St. Helens  Children living in families with 4+ children: 4 #color:0x0167BB St. Helens  Children living in families with 3 children: 4.6 #color:0x0167BB St. Helens  Children living in families with 2 children: 6 #color:0x0167BB St. Helens  Children living in single child families: 4.8 #color:0x0167BB St. Helens  Children living in lone parent families: 13.3 #color:0x0167BB St. Helens  Children living in two-parent families: 6.1 #color:0x0167BB St. Helens  All children: 19.3 Percentage of children in low income families for St. Helens for 2016
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
Count%Count%Count%
Children living in low income families7,26019.3282,00018.11,974,03517
Children in two-parent families living in low income families2,2806.199,9506.4680,3155.9
Children of lone parents living in low income families4,98013.3182,05011.71,293,72011.1
Children living in single child low income families1,7904.862,8054439,9453.8
Children living in low income families with 2 children2,265688,2555.7635,9855.5
Children living in low income families with 3 children1,7154.668,3304.4478,3304.1
Children living in low income families with 4 or more children1,490462,6054419,7703.6

The Households Below Average Income (HBAI) publication provides the definitive national measure of relative child poverty as set out in the Child Poverty Act 2010. This data is collected through the annual Family Resources Survey. However, the sample size is insufficient to enable useful analysis at a local level. The local level measure shown in the chart is the proportion of children who live in families in receipt of out of work means-tested benefits and those in families in receipt of tax credits where their reported income is less than 60% median income. Out of work means-tested benefits include: Income-Based Jobseekers Allowance and Income Support. This local proxy measure allows local analysis of child poverty rates below the national level; it is not a definitive measure of child poverty. It is used to explore local variations in income.

Relative poverty is defined as when a household receives less than 60% of the average median income. Absolute poverty is a condition where household income is below a necessary level to maintain basic living standards (food, shelter & housing).

Fuel Poverty| St. Helens

Households that experience fuel poverty
#color:0xD1D0D5 England  Percentage of households in fuel poverty: 10.3 #color:0x827676 North West  Percentage of households in fuel poverty: 12.1 #color:0x0167BB St. Helens  Percentage of households in fuel poverty: 11.3 Households in fuel poverty for St. Helens for 2018
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
Count%Count%Count%
Households in fuel poverty9,00911.3382,67612.12,400,29710.3

Homelessness| St. Helens

Numbers accepted as being homeless and in priority need
#color:0xD1D0D5 England  Homeless and in priority need: 2.41 #color:0x827676 North West  Homeless and in priority need: 1.69 #color:0x0167BB St. Helens  Homeless and in priority need: 1.7 Homeless and in priority need for St. Helens for 2017-2018
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
CountPer 1,000CountPer 1,000CountPer 1,000
Homeless and in priority need - per 1,000 households1341.75,3001.756,5802.4
Report generated at St. HelensSt. Helens