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St.Helens Area Profile
St. Helens (Local Authority)

Please note that the information in this profile will only display correctly for St.Helens. Data may be available for other local authority areas but the contextual information in the Profile is tailored to St.Helens.

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Introduction

Information such as crime rates, employment levels, health statistics and educational achievement scores, all contribute to building up a picture of the area in which we live. Such information also tells us a lot about the types of problems or concerns faced by a particular area and allows us to compare St. Helens with neighbouring areas or the regional or national average, as appropriate. Thereby allowing us to see if the issues seen are common across the wider area or specific to St. Helens. This enables us to direct resources and efforts more effectively.

This profile report summarises information for St. Helens. More detailed information can be found in the Data and Resources section. Information about Councillors representing particular Wards may be found on St.Helens Council website.

Population

St. Helens resident population is estimated at 178455 at mid-year 2016. The age structure of the Borough reflects the national trend of an ageing population.

The table below shows the population in the local area, with comparator area information where available.

Table: Total population
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Total population (2016)Total population (2016)178,455 (N/A)7,219,62355,268,067
MetadataLink:Total male population (% of whole population) (2016)Total male population (% of whole population) (2016)49.15 (87,701)49.3249.4
MetadataLink:Total female population (% of whole population) (2016)Total female population (% of whole population) (2016)50.86 (90,754)50.6850.6

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)

The table below shows the number of people in each broad age band, e.g. 0-15 years, working age (16-64 years) and older than 65 years.

Population by broad age band
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Population aged 0-15 (% of all people) (2016)Population aged 0-15 (% of all people) (2016)18.06 (32237)18.9419.05
MetadataLink:Population aged 16-64 (% of all people) (2016)Population aged 16-64 (% of all people) (2016)61.75 (110198)62.7563.07
MetadataLink:Population aged 65+ (% of all people) (2016)Population aged 65+ (% of all people) (2016)20.18 (36020)18.3117.88

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS): population mid-year estimates

The table below shows the estimated future changes in total population (from the ONS sub-national population projections, based on the 2011 Census).

Table: Population projections
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2016)Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2016)178,5807,216,77655,486,580
MetadataLink:Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2017)Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2017)179,2487,247,40755,938,178
MetadataLink:Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2018)Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2018)179,8997,277,41756,383,132
MetadataLink:Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2019)Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2019)180,5517,306,88956,822,690
MetadataLink:Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2020)Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2020)181,2057,335,96457,257,938
MetadataLink:Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2021)Population projections (census 2011-based), all ages (2021)181,8407,364,40557,687,784

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)

The table below shows the estimated future changes in household population (from the ONS sub-national population projections).

Table: Projected household population
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Household population (2011 based projections) (2017)Household population (2011 based projections) (2017)78,0002,808,00023,436,000
MetadataLink:Household population (2011 based projections) (2018)Household population (2011 based projections) (2018)78,0002,827,00023,655,000
MetadataLink:Household population (2011 based projections) (2019)Household population (2011 based projections) (2019)79,0002,840,00023,875,000
MetadataLink:Household population (2011 based projections) (2020)Household population (2011 based projections) (2020)79,0002,855,00024,091,000
MetadataLink:Household population (2011 based projections) (2021)Household population (2011 based projections) (2021)80,0002,871,00024,307,000

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)

St. Helens is ethnically less diverse than many areas, with 96.6% of the population (Census, 2011) identifying themselves as white British, compared to 79.8% nationally and 87.1% in the North West.

St.Helens remains a strongly Christian Borough with 78.82% of St. Helens identifying themselves as Christian. This is different to the national picture, where there appears to have been a shift in religious affiliation. Although, across England as a whole Christianity remains the largest religion, with 59% of the population identifying themselves as Christians.

Health

Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy - refers to the average length of time people can expect to live.

In St. Helens, men currently live on average 77.48 years, which is lower than the national average. Women live on average 81.22 years, which is also lower than the national average.

Tackling inequalities in health and improving overall health and wellbeing will reduce premature mortality and improve life expectancy.

The table below presents information on life expectancy for males and females in the local area, with Borough and national averages for comparison.

Table: Life expectancy at birth
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Male life expectancy at birth (Years) (2013-2015)Male life expectancy at birth (Years) (2013-2015)77.4878.0879.46
MetadataLink:Female life expectancy at birth (Years) (2013-2015)Female life expectancy at birth (Years) (2013-2015)81.2281.7883.11

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Disability and limiting long-term illness

This section looks at adminstrative and self-reported measures of disability and limiting-long-term illness. Levels of disability and poor health can be measured through the take-up of health related benefits from the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP), who provide benefits to support the care needs of people in a chronic state of ill health or disability. Disability and long term health issues can have a number of social exclusion implications, people with long term illness and disability can face exclusion from the labour market and may require significant support to meet their social care needs.

The table below captures self reported measures of poor health and disability from the most recent census. It shows the percentage of the resident population that self-assessed as having a limiting long-term illness.

Table: People with poor health or a limiting long-term illness
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:People with limiting long-term illness (% of all people) (2011)People with limiting long-term illness (% of all people) (2011)22.97 (40,262)20.2317.64
MetadataLink:People in not good health (% of all people) (2011)People in not good health (% of all people) (2011)8.28 (14,507)6.795.49

Source: Office for National Statistics - Census data

The table below shows the number and proportion of working age DWP benefit claimants who are claiming benefits for health reasons, including caring responsibilities, work limiting illness and disability

Table: DWP Benefit claimants, receiving benefits as a result of poor health or disability
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Working-age DWP benefit claimants, Carer (% of working age population) (Q04 2016)Working-age DWP benefit claimants, Carer (% of working age population) (Q04 2016)2.98 (3,280)2.121.69
MetadataLink:Working-age DWP benefit claimants, Disabled (% of working age population) (Q04 2016)Working-age DWP benefit claimants, Disabled (% of working age population) (Q04 2016).96 (1,055).85.78
MetadataLink:Working-age DWP benefit claimants, Incapacity Benefits (% of working age population) (Q04 2016)Working-age DWP benefit claimants, Incapacity Benefits (% of working age population) (Q04 2016)9.4 (10,350)7.85.84

Source: Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)

The table below shows two key disability indicators: a) the number and proportion of older people receiving Attendance Allowance b) the number of people receiving Disability Living Allowance.

Table: Key disability indicators
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Attendance Allowance claimants (% of pensionable age population) (Q01 2017)Attendance Allowance claimants (% of pensionable age population) (Q01 2017)17.04 (6,028)15.3113.67
MetadataLink:Disability Living Allowance claimants (% of whole population) (Q01 2017)Disability Living Allowance claimants (% of whole population) (Q01 2017)6.24 (11,080)4.753.68

Source: Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)

Falls

Falls are the largest cause of emergency hospital admissions for older people, and significantly impact on long term outcomes, e.g. being a major precipitant of people moving from their own home to long-term nursing or residential care (DoH). The highest risk of falls is in those aged 65 and above and it is estimated that about 30% people (2.5 million) aged 65 and above living at home and about 50% of people aged 80 and above living at home or in residential care will experience an episode of fall at least once a year (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence). Falls that results in injury can be very serious - approximately 1 in 20 older people living in the community experience a fracture or need hospitalisation after a fall.

The table below shows the rate of emergency hospital admissions due to injuries through falls and through hip fracture, in the over 65 population.

Injuries due to falls
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Emergency hospital admissions for injuries due to falls in persons aged 65+ (per 100,000 population) (FY 2015 / 16)Emergency hospital admissions for injuries due to falls in persons aged 65+ (per 100,000 population) (FY 2015 / 16)298124522169
MetadataLink:Emergency admissions for hip fracture in those aged 65+ per 100,000 population (FY 2015 / 16)Emergency admissions for hip fracture in those aged 65+ per 100,000 population (FY 2015 / 16)687618589

Public Health Outcomes Framework

Mental Health

Personal well-being is monitored using four key measures of wellbeing. The four questions which are used to monitor personal well-being in the UK are: 1) Overall, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays? 2) Overall, to what extent do you feel the things you do in your life are worthwhile? 3) Overall, how happy did you feel yesterday? 4) Overall, how anxious did you feel yesterday? People are asked to give their answers on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is 'not at all' and 10 is 'completely'. These questions allow people to make an assessment of their life overall, as well as providing an indication of their day-to-day emotions. Although 'yesterday' may not be a typical day for any one individual, the large sample means that these differences 'average out' and provide a reliable assessment of the anxiety and happiness of the adult population in the UK over the year.

Personal wellbeing scores
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Feeling anxious: average rating (0-10 scale) (Score) (2016)Feeling anxious: average rating (0-10 scale) (Score) (2016)2.852.932.87
MetadataLink:Feeling happy: average rating (0-10 scale) (Score) (2016)Feeling happy: average rating (0-10 scale) (Score) (2016)7.257.387.47
MetadataLink:Life satisfaction: average rating (0-10 scale) (Score) (2016)Life satisfaction: average rating (0-10 scale) (Score) (2016)7.467.557.64
MetadataLink:Feeling things in life are worthwhile: average rating (0-10 scale) (Score) (2016)Feeling things in life are worthwhile: average rating (0-10 scale) (Score) (2016)7.797.807.83

Source: Annual Population Survey

The table below presents information on the local suicide rate and the number of emergency admissions to hospital due to self-harm. Please note that due to small numbers involved the data on female suicide rate is suppressed and therefore not shown in this table.

Mental health: Self-harm and Suicide
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Emergency admissions for self-harm (2016)Emergency admissions for self-harm (2016)670 (N/A)18165109749
MetadataLink:Emergency admissions for self-harm (Directly Age and Sex Standardised Rates per 100,000) (2016)Emergency admissions for self-harm (Directly Age and Sex Standardised Rates per 100,000) (2016)377.00 (670)253.00200.00
MetadataLink:Suicide rate, DSR per 100,000 population (2013-2015)Suicide rate, DSR per 100,000 population (2013-2015)13.7 (63)11.310.1
MetadataLink:Male suicide rate, DSR per 100,000 population (2013-2015)Male suicide rate, DSR per 100,000 population (2013-2015)22.3 (51)17.615.8

Source: Public Health England. Published via Public Health Outcomes Framework

Healthy lifestyle behaviours

Encouraging a healthy lifestyle is central to improving health outcomes. High levels of smoking, obesity and alcohol consumption are likely to increase premature mortality levels. This is recognised in both national and local strategies.

The table below shows the percentage of children who are either obese or overweight in the local area.

Numbers of obese & overweight children
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Prevalence of obesity in reception year pupils (%) (2015-2016)Prevalence of obesity in reception year pupils (%) (2015-2016)12.59.89.3
MetadataLink:Prevalence of obese children in year 6 (%) (2016)Prevalence of obese children in year 6 (%) (2016)38615459107710
MetadataLink:% children (reception age) who are overweight (including obese) (2015-2016)% children (reception age) who are overweight (including obese) (2015-2016)27.523.222.1
MetadataLink:% children (year 6) who are overweight (including obese) (2015-2016)% children (year 6) who are overweight (including obese) (2015-2016)39.735.234.2

Source: National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) - NHS Digital

The table below shows the percentage of the adult population (aged 16+) who are overweight or obese.

Adult obesity levels
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Percentage of adults who are overweight or obese (aged 16+) (2013-2015)Percentage of adults who are overweight or obese (aged 16+) (2013-2015)71.266.664.8

Source: Active People Survey, published via the Public Health Outcomes Framework

Social Care

Informal care

The provision of care is one of the necessary consequences of ill health. This provision may be informal and unpaid (typically by other family members) or provided by the Local Authority or other organisation.

The table below shows the proportion of people who reported in the Census that they provide some form of unpaid care. St.Helens has the highest proportion of residents (12.9%) providing unpaid care in the NW and the 4th highest in England. The average for England is 10.2%.

The majority of residents report providing between 1 and 19 hours of unpaid care a week. It is evident however that there is a greater proportion of carers in St.Helens providing in excess of 20 hours plus care a week, compared to the NW and England averages. The proportion providing 50 plus hours of care a week is very high, at 3.69% of all carers.

Table: People providing unpaid care
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:People providing unpaid care, 1-19 hours per week (% of total population) (2011)People providing unpaid care, 1-19 hours per week (% of total population) (2011)7.15 (12,528)6.666.51
MetadataLink:People providing unpaid care, 20-49 hours per week (% of total population) (2011)People providing unpaid care, 20-49 hours per week (% of total population) (2011)2.05 (3,590)1.61.36
MetadataLink:People providing unpaid care, 50+ hours per week (% of total population) (2011)People providing unpaid care, 50+ hours per week (% of total population) (2011)3.69 (6,473)2.832.37
MetadataLink:Provides no unpaid care (% of total population) (2011)Provides no unpaid care (% of total population) (2011)87.11 (152,717)88.9189.76

Source: ONS - Census

Children's Social Care

A child in need is one who has been assessed by children's social care to be in need of services. These services can include, for example, family support (to help keep together families experiencing difficulties), leaving care support (to help young people who have left local authority care), adoption support, or disabled children's services (including social care, education and health provision). Children in care or 'Looked after children' range between the ages of 0-18 yrs of age. The term 'looked after' refers to children who are subject to care orders or accommodated through foster care. Many children and young people who become looked after retain strong links with their families and many eventually return home.

The table below provides some information about children in care and children at risk.

Children's social care
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Children in need (rate per 1,000 children) (2016)Children in need (rate per 1,000 children) (2016)92.1273.9366.71
MetadataLink:Total referrals of children and young people to social services departments (rate per 10,000 children) (2016)Total referrals of children and young people to social services departments (rate per 10,000 children) (2016)625.2583.6532.2
MetadataLink:Children who are the subject of a Child Protection Plan (rate per  10,000) (2016)Children who are the subject of a Child Protection Plan (rate per 10,000) (2016)79.155.243.1
MetadataLink:Number of Looked After Children (0-17) per 10000 child population (2016)Number of Looked After Children (0-17) per 10000 child population (2016)1138260

Source: Department for Education (DfE)

Adult Social Care

Personalisation of Care Services: The table below presents data on clients and carers who receive social care through self-directed support or direct payments.

Please note that the latest data is due to be provided by our data supplier and once received will be uploaded to info4St.Helens as soon as possible.

Self-directed support and Direct payments
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Users and carers receiving direct payments (% of all clients receiving community-based services and carers receiving carer specific services (aged 18 and over)) (2016)Users and carers receiving direct payments (% of all clients receiving community-based services and carers receiving carer specific services (aged 18 and over)) (2016)45.2633.7636.4

Source: NHS Digital

Integrated health and social care: The table below provides information about delayed discharges of care, the proportion of people remaining at home after leaving hospital and the rate of admissions to permanent care for people unable to remain at home.

Please note, updated data is due to be provided by our data supplier imminently.

Integrated health and social care
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Average number of delayed transfers of care on a particular day (rate per 100,000 people aged 18+) (2016)Average number of delayed transfers of care on a particular day (rate per 100,000 people aged 18+) (2016)41212
MetadataLink:Average number of delayed transfers of care on a particular day attributable to social care (rate per 100,000 people aged 18+) (2016)Average number of delayed transfers of care on a particular day attributable to social care (rate per 100,000 people aged 18+) (2016)155
MetadataLink:Permanent admissions aged 18 to 64 to residential and nursing care homes (aged 18 to 64) (rate per 100,000 people aged 18-64) (2016)Permanent admissions aged 18 to 64 to residential and nursing care homes (aged 18 to 64) (rate per 100,000 people aged 18-64) (2016)171413
MetadataLink:Permanent admissions of older people (aged 65 and over) to residential and nursing care homes (rate per 100,000 people aged 65+) (2016)Permanent admissions of older people (aged 65 and over) to residential and nursing care homes (rate per 100,000 people aged 65+) (2016)766712628

Source: NHS Digital

Economy and Employment

Economy

St Helens is one of five local authorities in the Merseyside region and home to 177,612 residents (ONS Mid-year estimate 2015). The Borough covers a total of 135 square kilometres, of which approximately half is rural and half is urban.

Its proud history is linked with the industrial revolution, coal mining, and a world famous glass industry, which employed many of the local residents. However, the industrialisation of the Borough and its subsequent decline from the late 1970s onwards left a legacy of issues including poor health, long-term inter-generational unemployment, low levels of enterprise and poor environmental quality of parts of the Borough.

In more recent years St Helens has seen widespread regeneration, with the positive transformation of many parts of the Borough and the development of new housing, business premises, transport facilities and green and open spaces. Yet in some respects St Helens remains a fairly typical northern town. The Borough has an aging population with growing numbers of vulnerable people requiring support. Poor health and worklessness remain key issues and there is relatively high deprivation and inequality to be found in areas of the Borough. Unemployment levels and reliance on benefits are above regional averages; whilst skill levels although improving remain comparatively low.

Despite these issues, St Helens has many strengths. The Borough enjoys a strategic position at the heart of the North West and has great potential to increase its economic growth and competitiveness. Business sectors such as logistics represent a major strength due to St Helens excellent transport network and connectivity. Self-employment levels have increased and business survival rates at 5-years are improved.

The table below provides counts of the total number of businesses above the VAT threshold (turnover of £65,000 or more) that are registered in the local area. There are more than one million businesses in the UK registered for VAT. This dataset provides an indication of business activity in an area.

Table: VAT registered enterprises: total stock
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Total stock of VAT-registered enterprises (rate per 10,000 working age people) (2016)Total stock of VAT-registered enterprises (rate per 10,000 working age people) (2016)400 (4,445)540640

Source: Business Registers Unit (BRU)

The table below shows counts of VAT registered local business units categorised by 4 employment size bands (0-4, 5-9, 10-19 and 20+ paid employees).

Table: VAT registered local units by employment sizeband
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:VAT based local units employing 0 to 4 people (% of all VAT based local units) (2016)VAT based local units employing 0 to 4 people (% of all VAT based local units) (2016)64.36 (3,540)68.6671.43
MetadataLink:VAT based local units employing 5 to 9 people (% of all VAT based local units) (2016)VAT based local units employing 5 to 9 people (% of all VAT based local units) (2016)15.55 (855)13.9612.94
MetadataLink:VAT based local units employing 10 to 19 people (% of all VAT based local units) (2016)VAT based local units employing 10 to 19 people (% of all VAT based local units) (2016)8.64 (475)8.267.63
MetadataLink:VAT based local units employing 20 or more people (% of all VAT based local units) (2016)VAT based local units employing 20 or more people (% of all VAT based local units) (2016)11.46 (630)9.137.77

Source: Business Registers Unit (BRU)

Employment

This section looks at the employment structure in the local area in terms of the economic activity levels of the population, including: levels of full time part time and self employment; the occupational category of people employed in the area; and the main industrial sector in which the workforce is employed.

The table below shows the number and proportion working age adults who are economically active, in employment or economically inactive in the local area and comparator areas. Figures are derived from responses in the Annual Population Survey, a quarterly survey of approximately 170,000 households and 360,000 persons.

The Annual Population Survey data is rolling year data reported at a point in time during the year.Please note that there is a significant lag period for the publication of data.

Table: Economic activity rate
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Economically active people of working-age (% all aged 16-64) (Apr 16-17)Economically active people of working-age (% all aged 16-64) (Apr 16-17)73.2 (81,300)75.778.2
MetadataLink:Employed people of working-age (% all aged 16-64) (Apr 16-17)Employed people of working-age (% all aged 16-64) (Apr 16-17)70.03 (77,800)71.7874.44
MetadataLink:Economically inactive people of working-age (% all aged 16-64) (Apr 16-17)Economically inactive people of working-age (% all aged 16-64) (Apr 16-17)26.82 (29,800)24.321.75
MetadataLink:Unemployment rate - modelled estimate (% of economically active population) (Apr 16 - Mar 17)Unemployment rate - modelled estimate (% of economically active population) (Apr 16 - Mar 17)4.7 (3,900)5.14.8

Source: Annual Population Survey (APS)

The Census collected information about the employment status of people aged 16-74 years and the results are shown in the table below.

Table: Economic activity breakdown
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Part-time employees (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)Part-time employees (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)14.02 (18,169)13.9413.72
MetadataLink:Full-time employees (Census) (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)Full-time employees (Census) (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)38.56 (49,968)37.4938.62
MetadataLink:Self-employed people (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)Self-employed people (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)6.2 (8,021)8.29.8
MetadataLink:Unemployed people (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)Unemployed people (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)5.12 (6,640)4.684.38
MetadataLink:Economically active full-time students (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)Economically active full-time students (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)2.56 (3,323)3.543.44
MetadataLink:Retired people (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)Retired people (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)17.09 (22,144)14.7713.68
MetadataLink:Economically inactive students (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)Economically inactive students (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)4.09 (5,294)5.655.8
MetadataLink:People looking after home/family (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)People looking after home/family (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)3.84 (4,971)3.944.36
MetadataLink:People permanently sick or disabled (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)People permanently sick or disabled (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)6.67 (8,638)5.624.05
MetadataLink:Other economically inactive people (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)Other economically inactive people (% of all aged 16-74) (2011)1.86 (2,416)2.22.19

Source: ONS - Census

Earnings

The earnings profile of a local area provides an indicator of the affluence of the local area as well as a measure of economic strength in terms of the prospects for well paid employment locally. Earnings data is available at Borough level only.

The table below shows resident weekly earnings (£), in other words the earning levels of people living in the local area, including those who commute out to work outside the local area. Mean earnings is the average pay people receive. Median earnings refers to the mid-point, i.e. 50% of people will be above this point and 50% of people will be below it. Lower quartile earnings refers the lowest 25% of pay.

Table: Weekly Earnings: Resident
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Median earnings by place of residence (Earnings) (2016)Median earnings by place of residence (Earnings) (2016)431.2413.2442.3
MetadataLink:Mean earnings by place of residence (Earnings) (2016)Mean earnings by place of residence (Earnings) (2016)482.5485.3532.3
MetadataLink:Lower quartile earnings by place of residence (Earnings) (2016)Lower quartile earnings by place of residence (Earnings) (2016)281.1268.2278.5
Source: Annual Survey for Hours and Earnings (ASHE)

The table below shows workplace weekly earnings (£), in other words the earning levels of people working in the local area, including those who commute in from outside the local area.

Table: Weekly Earnings: Workplace
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Median earnings by place of work (Earnings) (2016)Median earnings by place of work (Earnings) (2016)383.3414441.9
MetadataLink:Mean earnings by place of work (Earnings) (2016)Mean earnings by place of work (Earnings) (2016)443.4485.2532
MetadataLink:Lower quartile earnings by place of work (Earnings) (2016)Lower quartile earnings by place of work (Earnings) (2016)252268.3278
Source: Annual Survey for Hours and Earnings (ASHE)

Unemployment

The table below provides an indication of the unemployment level (modelled estimate) locally (NB. Indicator not available if viewing Ward profile report). Unemployment estimates are based on a statistical model. Data is drawn from the Annual Population Survey, Labour Force Survey and supplemented by Jobseekers Allowance (JSA) data, leading to a more statistically robust dataset. There is a time lag in the publication of unemployment level data.

JSA claimants are not a direct measure of unemployment levels because not all people who are unemployed will claim JSA. However, there is a correlation between JSA claimant numbers and unemployment level. The table shows the JSA claimant numbers at the end of the most recent month.

Table: Key unemployment indicators
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Unemployment rate - modelled estimate (% of economically active population) (Apr 16 - Mar 17)Unemployment rate - modelled estimate (% of economically active population) (Apr 16 - Mar 17)4.7 (3,900)5.14.8
MetadataLink:Jobseekers Allowance claimants (monthly) (% of working age population) (08-2017)Jobseekers Allowance claimants (monthly) (% of working age population) (08-2017)1.04 (1,144)1.041.08

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)/Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)

The table below shows the percentage of Job Seekers Allowance Claimants aged 18-24 years. The data is updated monthly.

JSA claimants aged 18-24 years
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Jobseekers Allowance claimants aged 18-24 (% of population aged 18-24) (08-2017)Jobseekers Allowance claimants aged 18-24 (% of population aged 18-24) (08-2017)0.63 (115)0.580.63
Source: Nomis

The table below shows the number and percentage of Job Seekers Allowance Claimants, who have been claiming this benefit for more than 12 months. The data is updated monthly.

JSA claimants (more than 12 months)
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Jobseekers Allowance claimants, claiming for over 12 months (% of working age population) (08-2017)Jobseekers Allowance claimants, claiming for over 12 months (% of working age population) (08-2017)0.43 (475)0.350.36

Source: ONS/Department for Work and Pensions. Published via Nomis

Incapacity Benefit and Employment Support Allowance are the primary benefits paid to people of working age (16-64 years) who are unable to work due to illness. The table below shows the proportion of people who are not in work and who receive key out of work benefits, showing national and regional figures for comparison.

Work limiting illness - Incapacity Benefit and Employment Support Allowance Claimants
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Incapacity Benefit claimants (% of working age population) (Q01 2017)Incapacity Benefit claimants (% of working age population) (Q01 2017)0.300.220.19
MetadataLink:Employment Support Allowance claimants Total (% of working age population) (Q01 2017)Employment Support Allowance claimants Total (% of working age population) (Q01 2017)9.237.605.62

Source: Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)

Education and Skills

Educational Attainment

Educational attainment is an important part of preparing our children and young people for a successful, enjoyable and fulfilled future.

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is the framework for measuring the provision of learning, development and care for children between birth and the academic year in which they turn 5. The introduction of the EYFS was a significant landmark in education. The early years were given a distinct identity and a more focussed and detailed curriculum, where the emphasis is on learning through planned play activities.

There are 7 areas of learning and development that shape educational programmes in early years settings. These are (1) Prime Areas: Communication & Language, Physical Development, Personal, Social and Emotional Development and (2) Specific Areas: Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the World and Expressive Arts and Design.

The level of progress children should be expected to have attained by the end of the EYFS is defined by 17 early learning goals, which sit within the 7 areas of learning and development. The Early Learning Goals include; Listening and attention, Understanding, Speaking, Moving and Handling, Health & Self-Care, Self-confidence & self-awareness, Managing feelings and behaviour, Making Relationships, Reading, Writing, Numbers, Shape, Space & Measures, People and communities, The World, Technologies, Exploring and using media and materials and Being imaginative.

Practitioners must indicate whether children are meeting expected levels of development, or if they are exceeding expected levels, or not yet reaching expected levels (‘emerging’). This is the EYFS Profile.

This dataset provides information on the average points score achieved by children across all 17 Early Learning Goals.

The table below shows the percentage of children achieving a good level of development in the Early Learning Goals and the average point score across the Early Years Foundation Stage for all pupils, and a breakdown by girl / boy pupils.

The Early Years Foundation profile measures children's progress in terms of Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED) and Communication, Language and Literacy (CLL).

Early Years Foundation Stage Profile
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
Average point score
MetadataLink:Early Years Foundation Stage, Average Point Score (Average Point Score) (2016)Early Years Foundation Stage, Average Point Score (Average Point Score) (2016)33.5033.9034.50
MetadataLink:Early Years Foundation Stage, Average Point Score, females (Average Point Score) (2016)Early Years Foundation Stage, Average Point Score, females (Average Point Score) (2016)35.0035.3035.70
MetadataLink:Early Years Foundation Stage, Average Point Score, males (Average Point Score) (2016)Early Years Foundation Stage, Average Point Score, males (Average Point Score) (2016)32.1032.6033.20
Pupils achieving a good level of development
MetadataLink:Pupils achieving a good level of development (%) (2016)Pupils achieving a good level of development (%) (2016)66.0066.7069.30
MetadataLink:Female pupils achieving a good level of development (%) (2016)Female pupils achieving a good level of development (%) (2016)75.0074.8076.80
MetadataLink:Male pupils achieving a good level of development (%) (2016)Male pupils achieving a good level of development (%) (2016)57.5058.9062.10

Source: Department of Education

The table and chart below show the proportion of people achieving expected targets on Key Stage 1 (KS1) tests for 7 year olds.

Table: Pupil attainment: Key Stage 1
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:All pupils eligible for Key Stage 1 assessment (2016)All pupils eligible for Key Stage 1 assessment (2016)2,06186,158636,869
MetadataLink:All pupils achieving level 2 in Mathematics at Key Stage 1 (%) (2016)All pupils achieving level 2 in Mathematics at Key Stage 1 (%) (2016)67.4470.7872.83
MetadataLink:All pupils achieving level 2 in Reading at Key Stage 1 (%) (2016)All pupils achieving level 2 in Reading at Key Stage 1 (%) (2016)68.2271.9874.25
MetadataLink:All pupils achieving level 2 in Writing at Key Stage 1 (%) (2016)All pupils achieving level 2 in Writing at Key Stage 1 (%) (2016)58.3262.9365.73

Source: Department for Education (DfE)

The table and chart below show the proportion of people achieving expected targets on Key Stage 2 (KS2) tests for 11 year olds.

Table: Pupil attainment: Key Stage 2
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Pupils achieving Key Stage 2, Level 4 in Reading Writing and Mathematics (%) (2015)Pupils achieving Key Stage 2, Level 4 in Reading Writing and Mathematics (%) (2015)82.7681.480.5

Source: Department for Education (DfE)

The table and chart below show the proportion of people achieving expected targets at Key Stage 4 (GCSE).

Table: Pupil attainment: GCSE
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 (2016)Pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 (2016)1,82673,525535,737
MetadataLink:Pupils achieving 5 or more GCSE passes at A*-C (%) (2015)Pupils achieving 5 or more GCSE passes at A*-C (%) (2015)656667
MetadataLink:Pupils achieving 5 or more GCSE passes at A*-C, including English and Maths (%) (2016)Pupils achieving 5 or more GCSE passes at A*-C, including English and Maths (%) (2016)54.356.657.86
MetadataLink:Pupils achieving 5 or more GCSE passes at A*-G (%) (2015)Pupils achieving 5 or more GCSE passes at A*-G (%) (2015)929494

Source: Department for Education (DfE)

Absence

The table below compares the total number of authorised and unauthorised pupil absences in the local and comparator areas.

Table: Pupil Absences
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Pupil enrolments (2016)Pupil enrolments (2016)21,924520,9056,737,190
MetadataLink:Pupil overall absences (%) (2016)Pupil overall absences (%) (2016)4.644.6
MetadataLink:Pupil authorised absences (%) (2016)Pupil authorised absences (%) (2016)3.33.13.4
MetadataLink:Pupil unauthorised absences (%) (2016)Pupil unauthorised absences (%) (2016)1.311.1
MetadataLink:Pupil persistent absentees (%) (2016)Pupil persistent absentees (%) (2016)10.88.510.5

Source: Department for Education (DfE)

Adult skills

In a competitive job market, appropriate skills levels are key to people successfully securing and retaining work. Without the skills to secure work and in a difficult economic climate, individuals with no qualifications are at an immediate disadvantage in the recruitment process and may be passed over in favour of a better qualified candidate. Traditionally, the skills level, e.g. level of literacy and/or numeracy, of people living in the Borough is comparatively lower than the national average. Schemes to improve literacy and numeracy skills, e.g. Skills for Life, have been successful in recent years in reducing the number of people with low qualification levels.

The table below shows the number of people by highest level of qualification held (people of working age 16-64) in the local and comparator areas.

New skills data for 2016 is now available and will be updated on info4St.Helens shortly. For more information please refer to NOMIS.

Table: Qualification level of working age adults
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:People of working-age with no qualifications (% of working age population) (2015)People of working-age with no qualifications (% of working age population) (2015)12,700 (11.44)9.818.41
MetadataLink:People of working-age qualified to at least level 1 (% of working age population) (2015)People of working-age qualified to at least level 1 (% of working age population) (2015)91,800 (82.7)83.5884.99
MetadataLink:People of working-age qualified to at least level 2 (% of working age population) (2015)People of working-age qualified to at least level 2 (% of working age population) (2015)79,000 (71.17)71.9873.43
MetadataLink:People of working-age qualified to at least level 3 (% of working age population) (2015)People of working-age qualified to at least level 3 (% of working age population) (2015)53,900 (48.56)53.9257.13
MetadataLink:People of working-age qualified to at least level 4 (% of working age population) (2015)People of working-age qualified to at least level 4 (% of working age population) (2015)29,000 (26.13)32.5736.73

Source: Annual Population Survey (APS)

Deprivation

The concept of deprivation is a wide one, covering a broad range of issues. Deprivation refers to unmet needs caused by a lack of resources and opportunities of all kinds, not just financial. It can therefore be defined through issues such as poor housing, homelessness, low educational attainment, lack of employment and worklessness, poor health and high levels of mortality.

The Indices of Deprivation attempt to measure this broad concept of multiple deprivation at small area level and provide a relative picture of levels of deprivation across the country.

In order to capture this picture the Indices use data from a basket of indicators within 7 distinct domains. Most indicators in the 2015 Indices relate to the financial year 2012/13. The domain indices are:

  • Income deprivation
  • Employment deprivation
  • Health deprivation and disability
  • Education, skills and training deprivation
  • Barriers to housing and services
  • Living environment deprivation
  • Crime deprivation

The data is examined at Lower Super Output Area level (LSOA), of which there are 32,844 in the country and 119 within St.Helens. LSOAs are designed to be of a similar population size, with an average of 1,500 residents each and are a standard statistical building block for dividing up the country. A relative score and ranking is then produced for every LSOA across each of the domains. This allows a comparative analysis of these 7 distinct dimensions of deprivation to be made across areas of the country.

It is important to acknowledge that the Index of Multiple Deprivation is a relative measure of deprivation. This means it can tell you if one area is more deprived than another, but not by how much.

The table below shows 5 summary measures of deprivation which highlight different aspects of multiple deprivation within an area. As patterns of deprivation across larger areas such as local authorities are complex, no single summary measure provides a complete way of describing or comparing deprivation between local authorities. However, the rank of the average score is still the most frequently reported summary measure. NB - The rankings run from 1 (most deprived) to 326 (least deprived).

The 2015 Index shows that St.Helens has got more deprived relative to others. St.Helens is the 36th most deprived local authority out of all 326 across the country, its relative position worsening on the 2010 Index, where St.Helens was ranked as the 51st most deprived.

Indices of Deprivation 2015 LA Summary
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:IMD 2015 - Rank of average score (Rank) (2015)IMD 2015 - Rank of average score (Rank) (2015)3688138
MetadataLink:IMD 2015 - Rank of average rank (Rank) (2015)IMD 2015 - Rank of average rank (Rank) (2015)52101140
MetadataLink:IMD 2015 - Rank of extent (Rank) (2015)IMD 2015 - Rank of extent (Rank) (2015)3679134
MetadataLink:IMD 2015 - Rank of % of LSOAs in most deprived 10% nationally (Rank) (2015)IMD 2015 - Rank of % of LSOAs in most deprived 10% nationally (Rank) (2015)2564119
MetadataLink:IMD 2015 - Rank of local concentration (Rank) (2015)IMD 2015 - Rank of local concentration (Rank) (2015)3365136

Data has not been produced at ward level. However, the Indices of Deprivation 2015 Explorer shows ward and local authority boundaries, to allow users to view the deprivation ranks of neighbourhoods within these areas.

The Data and Resources section on this site, info4St. Helens also holds data tables and maps to view the Indices of Deprivation data.

Low income benefits

The working-age (16 - 64 years) client group are crucial to the labour market as they form most of the UK economy’s potential labour force.

  • Income Support is benefit paid to people who are not in full-time work, whose income falls below a prescribed level.
  • Pension credits is a means tested benefit for people over the age of 60.

The table below shows key low income indicators for the local area and comparator areas:

Table: Key low income indicators
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Working-age DWP benefit claimants (% of working age population) (Q04 2016)Working-age DWP benefit claimants (% of working age population) (Q04 2016)17,715 (16.08)13.2510.78
MetadataLink:Income Support claimants (% of working age population) (Q01 2017)Income Support claimants (% of working age population) (Q01 2017)2,515 (2.28)1.711.51
MetadataLink:Pension Credit claimants (% of pensionable age population) (Q01 2017)Pension Credit claimants (% of pensionable age population) (Q01 2017)6,690 (18.91)18.816.09
Source: Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)

Child Poverty

The impact on quality of life for children living in poverty can extend beyond the immediate issues presented by living in a low income household. Children who grow up in poverty often face a greater risk of having poor health, or being exposed to crime. As a result, their education is more likely to suffer, making it difficult for them to get the qualifications they need to get a good, well-paid job; and this in turn limits their potential to earn the money needed to support their own families in later life, and so a cycle of poverty is created.

The Households Below Average Income (HBAI) publication provides the definitive national measure of relative child poverty as set out in the Child Poverty Act 2010. HBAI is based on data from the Family Resources Survey meaning that the sample sizes are insufficient for useful analysis at the local level. The Children in Low-Income Families Local Measure provides a broad proxy for local-level analysis which can help explore the considerable variation in low-income rates that exists between and within regions and local authorities.

The Children in Low-Income Families Local Measure is the proportion of children living in families within the UK that are either in receipt of out-of-work benefits or in receipt of tax credits with a reported income which is less than 60 per cent of national median income. Out of work means-tested benefits include: Income-Based Jobseekers Allowance and Income Support. Where figures show income less than 60% of median income, these figures refer to children in families receiving tax credits where their reported income is less than 60% median income who are not receiving means tested out of work benefits.

Administrative data sources on benefits and tax credits from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) and Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC) are used in the calculation of the Children in Low-Income Families Local Measure.

This measure should not be used to obtain a definitive measure of child poverty in any given area. However, it can reliably be used to explore variations in low income across the UK. The Commentary accompanying the Children in Low Income Families Measure provides more information about the methodology for this measure.

The table below shows the proportion of dependent children (aged under 20 years) living in a low income family.

Please note there is a considerable time lag before the publication of data, approximately one year following the end of the entitlement year in question. Most families have until July 31st following the end of the entitlement year to renew their award reporting their finalised income for the year in question. However, families that report income from Self-Assessment (e.g., the self-employed) have until January 31st of the following year to finalise their income. As a result, the full picture is not known until at least February the year after the entitlement year ends.

Children in low income families
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Children in low income families (local child poverty measure) - (% of all dependent children aged <20 years) (2014)Children in low income families (local child poverty measure) - (% of all dependent children aged <20 years) (2014)24.2 (9225)22.619.9

Source: Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)

Housing

Homelessness

Homelessness is a key driver of social exclusion and inequality. People are at greater risk of worklessness as they are caught in a 'no job - no home vicious circle', unable to get a job due to issues such as a lack of contact addresses or poor sleeping patterns.

NB. Homelessness data is not available below district level.

The table below shows the proportion of households that are homeless by the type of accommodation they are placed in.

Table: Homelessness by accommodation type
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
Homelessness, Homeless Households in Temporary Accommodation (rate per 1,000 households) (2017).17 (13).623.33
Homelessness, Homeless Households in Bed and Breakfast Accommodation (rate per 1,000 households) (2017)N/A (N/A).09.28
Homelessness, Homeless Households in Hostel Accommodation (rate per 1,000 households) (2017)N/A (N/A).11.25

Source: Communities and Local Government

Housing market

Delivering high quality housing and meeting the housing needs of the local population is a key priority for the Borough.

The table below shows the mean price paid for all properties in the most recent month, the total price paid for all properties and the number of property transactions.

For more information please refer to DCLG Housing Market and House Prices.

Table: House prices
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Sum of total prices paid for all properties (monthly) (Mean price paid for all properties (monthly)) (06-2017)Sum of total prices paid for all properties (monthly) (Mean price paid for all properties (monthly)) (06-2017)150,623176,303294,912
MetadataLink:Sum of total prices paid for all properties (monthly) (Sum of Values) (06-2017)Sum of total prices paid for all properties (monthly) (Sum of Values) (06-2017)11,598598,1967,892,725
MetadataLink:Number of property transactions (monthly) (06-2017)Number of property transactions (monthly) (06-2017)773,39326,763

Source: Land Registry

The table below shows the number and percentage of households by type of tenure. Data is taken from the most recent Census survey.

Table: Households by housing tenure
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Households that are owner-occupied and owned outright (% of households) (2011)Households that are owner-occupied and owned outright (% of households) (2011)25,215 (33.29)31.0430.57
MetadataLink:Households that are owner-occupied and owned with mortgage or loan (% of households) (2011)Households that are owner-occupied and owned with mortgage or loan (% of households) (2011)25,737 (33.98)33.4832.77
MetadataLink:Households that are owner-occupied in shared ownership (% of households) (2011)Households that are owner-occupied in shared ownership (% of households) (2011)427 (.56).53.79
MetadataLink:Housing rented from Housing Association or Social Landlord (% of households) (2011)Housing rented from Housing Association or Social Landlord (% of households) (2011)11,007 (14.53)10.598.27
MetadataLink:Housing rented from private landlord or letting agency (% of households) (2011)Housing rented from private landlord or letting agency (% of households) (2011)7,056 (9.32)14.1115.42
MetadataLink:Housing rented from other (% of households) (2001)Housing rented from other (% of households) (2001)2,249 (3.09)3.013.22

Source: Office for National Statistics - Census

The relative mix of property types within the Borough as a whole remains largely as it was in 2001, albeit with a small increase in the relative percentage of detached properties and flats/apartments and a corresponding decrease in the relative percentage of semi-detached and terraced properties. The changes reflect the new build aspirational housing projects undertaken across the Borough, stock clearance of older properties and a trend in RSLs to build smaller housing units.

The table and chart below show the breakdown of dwelling types in St.Helens and comparator areas, for example whether a dwelling is detached, semi-detached, terraced or a flat.

Table: Households by dwelling type
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Housing, Detached (% of all household spaces) (2011)Housing, Detached (% of all household spaces) (2011)14.46 (11,460)17.7222.26
MetadataLink:Housing, Semi-detached (% of all household spaces) (2011)Housing, Semi-detached (% of all household spaces) (2011)46.33 (36,729)35.6830.71
MetadataLink:Housing, Terraced (% of all household spaces) (2011)Housing, Terraced (% of all household spaces) (2011)30.21 (23,951)29.9824.49
MetadataLink:Housing, Purpose-built Flats (% of all household spaces) (2011)Housing, Purpose-built Flats (% of all household spaces) (2011)7.54 (5,980)12.9616.73
MetadataLink:Housing, Flat in Converted or Shared House (% of all household spaces) (2011)Housing, Flat in Converted or Shared House (% of all household spaces) (2011).66 (519)2.424.27
MetadataLink:Housing, Flat in Commercial Building (% of all household spaces) (2011)Housing, Flat in Commercial Building (% of all household spaces) (2011).77 (608).971.12
MetadataLink:Housing, Caravan or other mobile or temporary home (% of all household spaces) (2011)Housing, Caravan or other mobile or temporary home (% of all household spaces) (2011).04 (31).28.44

Source: ONS - Census

The table below shows the number and percentage of properties allocated to each of the eight standard Council Tax bands. Council Tax valuations are based on the price a property would have fetched if it had been sold on the open market on 1 April 1991.

Table: Dwelling stock by council tax band
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Total (2017)Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Total (2017)80,230 (N/A)2,934,49220,973,040
MetadataLink:Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band A (% of all dwellings) (2016)Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band A (% of all dwellings) (2016)45 (36,930)4125
MetadataLink:Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band B (% of all dwellings) (2016)Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band B (% of all dwellings) (2016)22 (17,970)2020
MetadataLink:Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band C (% of all dwellings) (2016)Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band C (% of all dwellings) (2016)18 (14,860)1822
MetadataLink:Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band D (% of all dwellings) (2016)Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band D (% of all dwellings) (2016)8 (6,490)1015
MetadataLink:Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band E (% of all dwellings) (2016)Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band E (% of all dwellings) (2016)4 (3,340)69
MetadataLink:Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band F (% of all dwellings) (2016)Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band F (% of all dwellings) (2016)2 (1,580)35
MetadataLink:Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band G (% of all dwellings) (2016)Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band G (% of all dwellings) (2016).7 (550)1.93.5
MetadataLink:Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band H (% of all dwellings) (2016)Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band - Band H (% of all dwellings) (2016) (40).2.6

Source: Valuation Office Agency

Local Community

Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour

Co-ordinated partnership activity has seen steady decreases in crime and disorder over recent years. However, the public's perception of crime does not always reflect this success, as perceptions of crime may often be at odds with official statistics. As people are affected by what they see, hear or feel, negative perceptions around crime and disorder and the way in which it is being tackled can have a detrimental impact on people's quality of life. Issues such as vandalism, graffiti, drunk or rowdy behaviour and drug dealing can all feature high on the public radar, leaving them feeling unsafe. This demonstrates how important it is to increase public confidence, whilst continuing to tackle issues of crime and anti-social behaviour.

Anti-Social Behaviour

Anti-social-behaviour (ASB) is any any act causing harassment, alarm or distress that damages or destroys the quality of life of an individual or a community. It covers a broad range of actions or behaviours. Some of these can be classed as crimes such as vandalism, drug dealing or drunk or disorderly behaviour. Others may not be classed as crimes, but can still have a serious impact on an individual or a local community, actions such as dumping of litter or rubbish, verbal abuse, and noise disturbance.

In 06-2017 there were 3.29 incidents of ASB per 1000 population, reported to the Police. Targeted and specific interventions by the Community Safety Partnership (CSP), including Anti-Social Behaviour Orders, Dispersal Orders, youth diversionary activities and other preventative initiatives are all used to tackle ASB.

Recorded crime offences

Crime and fear of crime feature regularly as key issues afflicting individuals and communities. Crime can have a detrimental impact upon people's quality of life in a number of ways: individuals can be physically victimised (for example assaulted), materially victimised (for example burgled), or psychologically victimised (for example afraid to leave the house or walk alone after dark).

The negative effects of crime are not just restricted to those individuals who are personally victimised, but also transfer to friends, family, neighbours and colleagues. If left unchecked, these problems may become self-reinforcing, as more and more people in an area experience victimisation, either personally or via someone they know.

If such problems persist over time, a neighbourhood may gain a reputation as a dangerous place to live, resulting in population out-migration, which can further reinforce the cycle of decline.

Crime rates in St.Helens have reduced significantly in recent years. Given the ongoing budgetary pressures facing Merseyside Police, there will be undoubtedly be challenging times ahead in maintaining the crime reductions of previous years. However, the Community Safety Partnership is well placed to manage such changes, with robust multi-agency processes in place to coordinate initiatives and resource allocation via the Neighbourhood Action Groups in each Police Neighbourhood.

Local Transport Network

St.Helens has an extensive bus and rail network, providing regular connections to neighbouring towns and cities. It enjoys a strategic position at the heart of the regional road network, placed almost centrally between the core cities of Manchester, 15 miles to the east, and Liverpool, 12 miles to the west.

Access to services

The lack of access to suitable employment opportunities, education and training, advice provision, business support and other key services can contribute towards poor outcomes for those most at risk of experiencing deprivation. Poor access to services can be a particular issue for groups including lone parents, older groups, people whose mobility is limited or for those who live in areas where public transportation is poor.

The Borough covers an area of 136 square Kilometres, about half of which is designated greenbelt or open space. Households are defined as being 'significant' distances from key services if they are at least 6-8 km from the nearest service. In St.Helens and in each Ward, no household is judged to be more than 6-8Km from the nearest key service.

Access to transport

People without access to private transport are likely to experience barriers in accessing key services including hospitals, employment centres, supermarkets and other amenities (particularly in rural areas where distances to services are large and public transport provision is poor). National research has indicated that a lack of transport can contribute to social exclusion in urban areas and in rural areas can be the cause of social exclusion.

The table below shows the number and proportion of households by the number of car or vans owned. 42.63% of residents in St. Helens own one car or van.

There are now a reported 84,445 cars or vans belonging to households within St.Helens, a 14% increase since 2001. The increase in car ownership has a number of implications including greater congestion, pollution, increased pressure on the road network and the need for additional maintenance and increasing demand for parking provision, particularly on street residential parking.

Table: Vehicle ownership
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Households with no cars or vans (% of households) (2011)Households with no cars or vans (% of households) (2011)26.69 (20,212)27.9725.8
MetadataLink:Households with one car or van (% of households) (2011)Households with one car or van (% of households) (2011)42.63 (32,283)42.5342.16
MetadataLink:Households with two cars or vans (% of households) (2011)Households with two cars or vans (% of households) (2011)24.85 (18,820)23.5124.66
MetadataLink:Households with three cars or vans (% of households) (2011)Households with three cars or vans (% of households) (2011)4.58 (3,466)4.65.46
MetadataLink:Households with four or more cars or vans (% of households) (2011)Households with four or more cars or vans (% of households) (2011)1.26 (955)1.41.93

Source: Office for National Statistics - Census

The table shows the proportion of people travelling to work by public transport (e.g. trains, bus, underground etc.) in the local and comparator areas.

Table: People travelling to work by public transport
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:People travelling to work by public transport (% of all people aged 16-74) (2011)People travelling to work by public transport (% of all people aged 16-74) (2011)5.7 (7,386)7.2810.95
MetadataLink:People who travel to work by Underground, Metro, Light Rail or Tram (% of all people aged 16-74) (2011)People who travel to work by Underground, Metro, Light Rail or Tram (% of all people aged 16-74) (2011).03 (35).42.64
MetadataLink:People who travel to work by Train (% of all people aged 16-74) (2011)People who travel to work by Train (% of all people aged 16-74) (2011)1.86 (2,411)1.733.46
MetadataLink:People who travel to work by Bus, Minibus or Coach (% of all people aged 16-74) (2011)People who travel to work by Bus, Minibus or Coach (% of all people aged 16-74) (2011)3.81 (4,940)5.154.85

Source: Office for National Statistics - Census

Road Safety

The level of deaths and injury on the roads is a major concern. There is a key focus on improving road safety and reducing the number of fatalities and serious injuries, particular those involving children and young people, through a programme of engineering measures, education programmes and speed enforcement.

Number of people killed or seriously injured on roads in the local area

Number of people killed or seriously injured (rolling 3 yr av)
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Children killed/seriously injured in road traffic accidents (rate per 100,000 children) (2013-2015)Children killed/seriously injured in road traffic accidents (rate per 100,000 children) (2013-2015)25.00 (24)23.0017.00
MetadataLink:People killed/seriously injured in road traffic accidents (rate per 100,000 people) (2013-2015)People killed/seriously injured in road traffic accidents (rate per 100,000 people) (2013-2015)35.00 (187)39.0039.00

Source: Department for Transport

Environment

As a Council and with our partners, we are keen to protect our local environment, increase sustainability and reduce any negative impact we may be having on climate change. Some of the areas on which we are focussing include, improving waste management processes, improving the public transport network, reducing the energy consumption in public buildings, implementing air quality management plans and carefully managing our local conservation sites. These actions all contribute to protecting and enhancing the area in which we live and work.

The table below shows the percentage of household waste arisings which have been sent by the Authority for reuse, recycling, composting or treatment by anaerobic digestion.

Table: Percentage of household waste sent for reuse, recycling and composting
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Household waste sent for reuse, recycling and composting (%) (2016)Household waste sent for reuse, recycling and composting (%) (2016)394643

Source: Department for the Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)

The table below shows the number of kilograms of household waste collected that is not sent for reuse, recycling or is not composted or anaerobic digestion per head of the population.

Table: Residual household waste per household (kg)
St. HelensNorth WestEngland
MetadataLink:Residual household waste per household (kg) (2016)Residual household waste per household (kg) (2016)517516564

Source: Department for the Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)

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